Once the baby is born, it is compulsory to declare the birth at the Register of Births, Marriages and Deaths (Registro Communale dello Stato Civile).
The Birth Declaration (Dichiarazione di nascità) is made orally, without witnesses, within three days if done in the hospital, and within ten days if done in the town hall.
This declaration of birth can be made by either one of the parents, a person to whom the parents have given proxy, a doctor, an obstetrician or any other person present during the delivery.
This declaration can be carried out at:
A Public Officer (Ufficiale di Stato Civile) will oversee the issuing of the Birth Certificate at the town hall.
If the parents are not married, or if the mother is legally separated from her husband, the baby can be registered before the birth.
A baby born in Italy to two foreign parents does not get Italian nationality. However if one of the parents is Italian the baby is granted Italian nationality.
Once the birth has been registered at the town hall, parents will need to contact their nation's consulate or embassy in Italy and comply with the procedures required.
Carta Bianca: The Carta Bianca is a document for children under the age of 15, which allows them to travel abroad, and provides an alternative to registering the child onto one of the parents' passport.
Codice Fiscale: A fiscal number or tax code (Codice Fiscale) must be allocated to each person in Italy, in order to identify each citizen in their relation with the public administration and state. Once the baby is born, the birth certificate must be made available to the local tax office (Ufficio Locale dell'Agenzia delle Entrate) to issue this number. This process can also be done in the town hall.
Servizio Sanitario Nazionale: The baby must also be registered with the medical services department (Servizio Sanitario Nazionale) and this may be done by contacting the local medical section, the A.S.L. (Servizio Sanitario Locale).
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